Semiconductors Photophysics and Electrochemistry

Research profile


Semiconductors Photophysics and Electrochemistry Research Group focuses on the synthesis and physicochemical properties of metallic and semiconductor nanostructures for applications in electrochemistry, electrocatalysis, chemical analytics, and information processing. Our activity encompasses several fields of science, including coordination, organic and supramolecular chemistry, physical chemistry, solid state physics, unconventional computing and the theory of information. In addition, the team conducts research into the construction of optoelectronic and neuromimetic devices as well as new methods of processing acoustic signals and novel ways of musical harmony analysis. Our nanomaterials are examined primarily for the mechanisms of charge carrier generation, carrier transport phenomena, percolation phenomena, recombination processes and charge carrier trapping as well as emergent phenomena resulting from the self-assembly of both small molecules and macromolecules on semiconductor surfaces. The main measurement techniques include: pulsed photocurrent spectroscopy and pulsed photon voltage spectroscopy (both techniques were developed within the team), photomodulation spectroscopy, emission, absorption and scattering electron spectroscopy, a number of electrochemical methods, X-ray diffractometry and electron microscopy. For the synthesis of nanomaterials, electro-deposition, sol-gel methods and solvothermal methods are used.

The main areas of activity of our research group are related to the electrochemical synthesis of materials, measurements of catalytic activity in processes generated by electric current flow, measurements of corrosive properties of materials and the determination and optimization of current-voltage conditions enabling galvanic application of metallic, alloy and composite coatings. The interests of our group members also include analyzing the kinetics and mechanism of electrode reactions. The group members have extensive experience in conducting voltammetric, spectroelectrochemical, electrogravimetric and corrosion tests. The access to advanced research equipment enables comprehensive characterization of the obtained materials in terms of their semiconductor, corrosive and electrocatalytic properties in view of their potential applications.

Field of expertise

  • Methodology of synthesis of nanoparticles and nanocomposites.
  • Characterization of new materials and devices by spectroscopic methods.
  • Measurements of the kinetics of electrochemical and photoelectrochemical processes.
  • Measurements of the work function and surface photovoltage spectroscopy.
  • Electrical signal analysis in the large frequency range from 1 MHz to 40 GHz.
  • Kinetics of corrosion of metals and alloys.
  • Optimization of current-voltage conditions of the galvanic application of functional coatings.
  • Measurements of materials’ electrocatalytic activity

Head of the group

  • prof. dr. hab. Konrad Szaciłowski


  • dr Lulu Al Luhaibi
  • dr Gisya Abdi
  • dr Tomasz Mazur
  • dr inż. Krzysztof Mech
  • dr inż. Kacper Pilarczyk
  • dr Agnieszka Podborska
  • dr Andrzej Sławek
  • mgr inż. Maria Lis
  • mgr inż. Dawid Przyczyna
  • mgr inż. Maciej Suchecki
  • mgr Piotr Zawal






      1. Halogen-containing semiconductors: From artificial photosynthesis tounconventional computing, S. Klejna (I), T. Mazur(I), E. Wlaźlak(I), P. Zawal, Han Sen Soo, K. Szaciłowski(I) Coordination Chemistry Reviews 415, 213316 (2020), tekst:
      2. Towards synthetic neural networks: can artificial electrochemical neurons be coupled with artificial memristive synapses?,  E. Wlaźlak (I), D. Przyczyna(I), R. Gutierrez, G. Cuniberti, K. Szaciłowski(I) Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.59 SI0801 (2020) tekst:
      3. Brief Insights into Cu2O Electrodeposition: Detailed Progressive Voltammetric and Electrogravimetric Analysis of a Copper Lactate System K. Mech (I), M. Bisztyga-Szklarz(I), K. Szaciłowski(I) Journal of The Electrochemical Society 167, 042504 (2020) tekst:
      4. MHD supported electroreduction of formate nickel complexes with simultaneous incorporation of TiO2 particles K. Mech(I) Arch. Metall. Mater. 65, 1, 219-227 (2020) tekst:
      5. Liquid metal droplet solves maze A. Adamatzky, A. Chiolerio and K. Szaciłowski (I) Soft Matter 16, 1455 (2020) tekst:
      6. Light intensity-induced photocurrent switching effect A. Podborska, M. Suchecki, K. Mech, M. Marzec (VIMMS), K. Pilarczyk, K. Szaciłowski Nature Communications 11, 854 (2020) tekst:
      7. In-materio neuromimetic devices: dynamics, information processing and pattern recognition, D. Przyczyna, P. Zawal, T. Mazur, M. Strzelecki, P. Luigi Gentili, and K. Szaciłowski, Japanese Journal of Applied Physics 59, 050504 (2020), tekst:
      8. Enhanced ion binding by the benzocrown receptor and a carbonyl of the aminonaphthalimide fluorophore in water-soluble logic gates, A. Diacono, M. C. Aquilina, A. Calleja, G. Agius, G. Gauci, K. Szaciłowski, D. C. Magri , Organic and Biomolecular Chemistry 18, 4773 (2020) , tekst:
      9. Structure and mechanistic relevance of Ni2+–NO adduct in model HC SCR reaction over NiZSM-5 catalyst – insights from standard and correlation EPR and IR spectroscopic studies corroborated by molecular modeling, P. Pietrzyk, K. Góra-Marek, T. Mazur, B. Mozgawa, M. Radoń, M. Chiesac, Z. Zhao, Z. Sojka, Journal of Catalysis, published online (2020) , tekst:
      10. On the influence of magnetic field on electrodeposition of Ni–TiO2 composites from a citrate baths , K. Mech, M. Gajewska, M. Marzec, K. Szaciłowski , Materials Chemistry and Physics 255, 123550 (2020) , tekst:


      1. Fluorimetric naphthalimide-based polymer logic beads responsive to acidity and oxidisability, M. V. Refalo, N. V. Farrugia, A. D. Johnson, S. Klejna(I), K. Szaciłowski(I), D. C. Magri, Journal of Materials Chemistry C 7, 15225 (2019), tekst:
      2. Structural and electronic properties of multifunctional carbon composites of organometal halide perovskite, Sylwia Klejna(I), J. Mater. Chem. A 7, 25020-25031 (2019), tekst:
      3. Reservoir Computing for Sensing – an Experimental Approach, D. Przyczyna, S. Pecqueur, D. Vuillaume, K. Szaciłowski(I), Int. Journ. of Unconventional Computing 14, 267–284 (2019)
      4. Electrodeposition of Composite Ni-TiO2 Coatings from Aqueous Acetate Baths, K. Mech(I), Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A 50, 4275–4287 (2019), tekst:
      5. A novel magnetoelectrochemical method of synthesis of photoactive Ni-TiO2 coatings from glycinate electrolytes, K. Mech(I), Materials and Design 182, 108055 (2019), tekst:
      6. Memristor in a Reservoir System – Experimental Evidence for High-Level Computing and Neuromorphic Behavior of PbI2, E. Wlaźlak(I), M. Marzec(VIMMS), P. Zawal(I), and K. Szaciłowski(I), ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 11, 17009−17018 (2019), tekst:
      7. Supramolecular Complexes of Graphene Oxide with Porphyrins: An Interplay between Electronic and Magnetic Properties, Kornelia Lewandowska, Natalia Rosiak, Andrzej Bogucki, Judyta Cielecka-Piontek, Mikołaj Mizera, Waldemar Bednarski, Maciej Suchecki, Konrad Szaciłowski(I), Molecules 24, 688 (2019)
      8. Synaptic plasticity, metaplasticity and memory effects in hybrid organic–inorganic bismuth-based materials, Tomasz Mazur(I), Piotr Zawal(I), Konrad Szaciłowski(I), Nanoscale 11, 1080-1090 (2019), tekst:


      1. Triiodide Organic Salts: Photoelectrochemistry at the Border between Insulators and Semiconductors, E. Wlaźlak(I), J. Kalinowska-Tłuścik, W. Nitek, S. Klejna(I), K. Mech(I), W. Macyk, and K. Szaciłowski(I), ChemElectroChem 5, 3486 (2018), tekst:
      2. Heavy pnictogen chalcohalides: the synthesis, structure and properties of these rediscovered semiconductors, E Wlaźlak(I), A. Blachecki, M. Bisztyga-Szklarz(I), S. Klejna(I), T. Mazur(I), K. Mech(I), K. Pilarczyk(I), D. Przyczyna(I), M. Suchecki(I), P. Zawal(I), and K. Szaciłowski(I)
        Chem. Commun. 54,12133 (2018), tekst:
      3. Molecular engineering of logic gate types by module rearrangement in ‘Pourbaix Sensors’: the effect of excited-state electric fields, J. C. Spiteri, S. A. Denisov, G. Jonusauskas, S. Klejna(I), K. Szaciłowski(I), N. D. McClenaghan and D. C. Magri, Organic Biomolecular Chemistry 16, 6195 (2018), tekst:
      4. Corrosion studies of Li, Na and Si doped Zn-Al alloy immersed in NaCl solutions, T. Gancarza, K. Mech(I), J. Guśpiel, and K. Berent(MEIBS), Journal of Alloys and Compounds 767, 1225-1237 (2018), tekst:
      5. Molecules, semiconductors, light and information: Towards future sensing and computing paradigms, Kacper Pilarczyk(I), Ewelina Wlaźlak(I), Dawid Przyczyna, Andrzej Blachecki, Agnieszka Podborska(I), Vasileios Anathasiou, Zoran Konkoli, Konrad Szaciłowski(I), Coordination Chemistry Reviews 365, 23-40 (2018), tekst:
      6. Palladium(II) Chloride Complex Ion Recovery from Aqueous Solutions Using Adsorption on Activated Carbon, Marek Wojnicki, Robert P. Socha, Zbigniew Pędzich, Krzysztof Mech(I), Tomasz Tokarski(III), and Krzysztof Fitzner, J. Chem. Eng. Data 63 (3), 702–711 (2018), tekst:
      7. Spectroelectrochemical analysis of TiO2 electronic states – Implications for the photocatalytic activity of anatase and rutile, Marcin Kobielusz, Kacper Pilarczyk(I), Elżbieta Świętek, Konrad Szaciłowski(I), Wojciech Macyk, Catalysis Today 309, 35-42 (2018), tekst: