Functional Materials and Nanomagnetism

Research profile

Our research activity is focused on interdisciplinary projects that tackle problems related to condensed matter physics, material science, nanotechnology, inorganic chemistry and physical chemistry. Based on recent developments in the methods of deposition, synthesis and in-situ characterization we produce nanoscale materials of controlled chemical composition and dimensions and characterize their functional properties. We focus in particular on the modification of magnetic and electronic properties resulting from nanostructurisation as well as on the exploration of the possibilities for controlling the functional properties of materials by limiting their size and/or dimensionality – e.g. in solutions and composites of nanoparticles, nanostructured films and nanocomposites. We are also involved in modeling the properties of materials, hybrids and heterojunctions as well as the processes of thin layer deposition, in particular the ALD (atomic layer deposition) method.

Field of expertise

  • Characterization of magnetic properties of powders, single crystals, thin layers and solutions of nanoparticles by means of VSM and magnetoresistance.
  • Determination of phase composition of materials and their local magnetic, structural and electronic properties using gamma spectroscopy (Mössbauer effect) and X-ray spectroscopy (XAS, XES, XMCD, RIXS).
  • Fabrication of nanostructures using focused ion/electron beams (FEBID / FIBID).
  • Design and synthesis of multifunctional magnetic nanoparticles (e.g. ferrites nanoparticles) with controlled morphology/size and synthesis of magnetic fluids (ferrofluids).
  • Determination of the nanoparticle size based on electron microscopy (SEM, TEM).
  • Investigation of magnetic hyperthermia and rheological properties of liquid phases, in particular of magnetic nanoparticles in solution.
  • Environmental impact and standardization issues in relation to the production methods and applications of nanoparticles.
  • Modeling of electronic and optoelectronic properties of new functional materials, hybrids and heterojunctions based on the DFT (density functional theory) and TD-DFT (time dependent DFT) methods.
  • Theoretical studies of atomic layer deposition (ALD) processes: energetics, thermodynamics and kinetics of surface reactions, including DFT calculations.
  • Analysis of physical and/or chemical processes taking place in nanoparticles or multiphase polymer systems by means of thermoanalytical methods.


  • Katarzyna Berent, PhD. Eng.
  • Vitaliy Bilovol, PhD.
  • Aleksandra Figura-Jagoda, MSc. Eng.
  • Sylwia Klejna, PhD.
  • Angelika Kmita, DSc. PhD. Eng.
  • Paweł Nowak, MSc. Eng.
  • Wojciech Salamon, MSc. Eng.
  • Marcin Sikora, DSc. PhD. Eng. (head)
  • Joanna Stępień, PhD. Eng.
  • Aleksandra Szkudlarek, PhD. Eng.
  • Elżbieta Trynkiewicz, MSc
  • Jan Żukrowski, PhD.

Recent publications





  1. Selective magnetometry of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles in liquids, J. Kuciakowski, A. Kmita, D. Lachowicz, M. Wytrwal-Sarna, K. Pitala, S. Lafuerza, D. Koziej, A. Juhin, M. Sikora, Nanoscale 12, 16420-16426 (2020), tekst:
  2. Direct evidence of uneven dxz and dyz orbital occupation in the superconducting state of iron pnictide, D. Rybicki, M. Sikora, J. Stępień, Ł. Gondek, K. Goc, T. Strączek, M. Jurczyszyn, C. Kapusta, Z. Bukowski, M. Babij, M. Matusiak, M. Zając, Phys. Rev. B 102, 195126 (2020), tekst:
  3. High-entropy perovskites as multifunctional metal oxide semiconductors: synthesis and characterization of (Gd0.2Nd0.2La0.2Sm0.2Y0.2)CoO3, P. A. Krawczyk, M. Jurczyszyn, J. Pawlak, W. Salamon, P. Baran, A. Kmita, Ł. Gondek, M. Sikora, C. Kapusta, T. Strączek, J. Wyrwa, A. Żywczak, ACS Applied Electronic Materials 2, 3211-3220 (2020), tekst:
  4. Studies of surface states in Bi2Se3 induced by the BiSe substitution in the crystal subsurface structure, M. Jurczyszyn, M.Sikora, M.Chrobak, L. Jurczyszyn, Applied Surface Science 528, 146978 (2020), tekst:
  5. Fe dopants and surface adatoms versus nontrivial topology of single-crystalline Bi2Se3, M. Chrobak, K. Maćkosz, M. Jurczyszyn, M. Dobrzański, K. Nowak, T. Slezak, M. Zając, M. Sikora, M.M. Rams, T. Eelbo, J. Stępień, M. Waśniowska, O. Mathon, F. Yakhou-Harris, D.G. Merkel, I. Miotkowski, Z. Kakol, A. Kozlowski, M. Przybylski, and Z. Tarnawski, New Journal of Physics 22, 063020 (2020), tekst:
  6. Cobalt-platinum nanomotors for local gas generation, A. Szkudlarek, K. E. Hnida-Gut, K. Kollbek, M. M Marzec, K. Pitala, M. Sikora, Nanotechnology 31, 07LT01 (2020), tekst:
  7. Structural, magnetic and toxicity studies of ferrite particles employed as contrast agents for magnetic resonance imaging thermometry, N. Alghamdia, J. Strouda, M. Przybylski, J. Żukrowski, A. Cruz, H. Jared, M.Brown, J. H.Hankiewicz, Z. Celinski, Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 497, 165981 (2020), tekst:
  8. Site-resolved hyperfine and lattice dynamical properties of a single-crystal Fe3Si, S. M. Dubiel, J. Żukrowski, Journal of Alloys and Compounds 817, 152756 (2020), tekst:
  9. Evaluation of pyrolysis and combustion products from foundry binders: potential hazards in metal casting, A. Kmita, A. Benko, A. Roczniak, M. Holtzer, Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry 140, 2347–2356 (2020), tekst:
  10. Mössbauer spectroscopic study of σ-Fe68V32 compound, S. M. Dubiel, J. Żukrowski, Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 502, 166567 (2020), tekst:
  11. Bad neighbour, good neighbour: how magnetic dipole interactions between soft and hard ferrimagnetic nanoparticles affect macroscopic magnetic properties in ferrofluids, N. Daffé, J. Zečević, K.N. Trohidou, M. Sikora, M. Rovezzi, C. Carvallo, M. Vasilakaki, S. Neveu, J.D. Meeldijk, N. Bouldi, V. Gavrilov, Y. Guyodo, F. Choueikani, V. Dupuis, D. Taverna, P. Sainctavit, A. Juhin, Nanoscale 12, 11222-11231 (2020), tekst:
  12. Revealing magnetic component in crystalline Fe-gluconate, S. M. Dubiel, J. Żukrowski, M. Bałanda, Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 507, 166815 (2020), tekst:
  13. Magnetic field controlled C60-TEMPO catalyst for the oxidation of alcohols, P. Piotrowski, J. Żukrowski, A. Kaim, New J. Chem. 44, 1971 (2020), tekst:
  14. Possible absence of trimeron correlations above the Verwey temperature in Fe3O4, H. Elnaggar, R. Wang, S. Lafuerza, E. Paris, A. C. Komarek, H. Guo, Y. Tseng, D. McNally, F. Frati, M. W. Haverkort, M. Sikora, T. Schmitt, and F. M. F. de Groot, Physical Review B 101, 085107 (2020), tekst:
  15. Cooperative Large-Hysteresis Spin-Crossover Transition in the Iron(II) Triazolate [Fe(ta)2] Metal−Organic Framework , M. Grzywa, R. Röß-Ohlenroth, C. Muschielok, H. Oberhofer, A. Błachowski, J. Żukrowski, D. Vieweg, H.-A. Krug von Nidda, and D. Volkmer, Inorg. Chem. 2020, 59, 15, 10501–10511 (2020), tekst:
  16. Mössbauer spectroscopic study of amorphous Fe-gluconate, S. M. Dubiel, Ł. Gondek, J. Żukrowski, Inorganica Chimica Acta 510, 119760 (2020), tekst:


  1. Debye temperature of single-crystal Cr with incommensurate and commensurate magnetic structure , S. M. Dubiel, J. Żukrowski, Europhysics Letters 127, 26002 (2019), tekst:
  2. Kinetics of phase separation, border of miscibility gap in Fe–Cr and limit of Cr solubility in iron at 832 K, S. M. Dubiel, J. Żukrowski, Materials Characterization 158, 109937 (2019), tekst:
  3. Magnetic Contrast at Spin-Flip Excitations: An Advanced X-Ray Spectroscopy Tool to Study Magnetic-Ordering, H. Elnaggar, R.-P. Wang, S. Lafuerza, E. Paris, Y. Tseng, D. McNally, A. Komarek, M. Haverkort, M. Sikora , T. Schmitt, and F.M.F. de Groot, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 11, 36213 (2019), tekst:
  4. Noncollinear Ordering of the Orbital Magnetic Moments in Magnetite, H. Elnaggar, Ph. Sainctavit, A. Juhin, S. Lafuerza, F. Wilhelm, A. Rogalev, M.-A. Arrio, Ch. Brouder, M. van der Linden, Z. Kakol, M. Sikora , M.W. Haverkort, P. Glatzel, and F.M.F. de Groot, Phys. Rev. Lett. 123, 207201 (2019), tekst:
  5. Room-Temperature Ferromagnetism in InSb-Mn Nanowires, K. E. Hnida, A. Żywczak, M. Sikora, M. Marciszko, M. Przybylski, Nano Lett. 19, 7144-7148 (2019), tekst:
  6. Gradient of zinc content in the core-shell zinc ferrites nanoparticles – precise study on composition and magnetic properties, D. Lachowicz, R. Wirecka, W. Górka-Kumik, M. Marzec, M. Gajewska, A. Kmita, J. Żukrowski, M. Sikora, S. Zapotoczny, A. Bernasik, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 21, 23473-23484 (2019), tekst:
  7. The decomposition process and kinetic analysis of commercial binder based on phenol-formaldehyde resin, using in metal casting, A. Kmita, W. Knauer, M. Holtzer, K. Hodor, G. Piwowarski, A. Roczniak, K. Górecki, Applied Thermal Engineering 156, 263-275 (2019), tekst:
  8. Synthesis of CuFeS2−xSex – alloyed nanocrystals with localized surface plasmon resonance in the visible spectral range, P. Kowalik, P. Bujak, M. Penkala, K. Kotwica, A. Kmita , M. Gajewska , A. Ostrowski, A. Prona, Journal of Materials Chemistry C 7, 6246-6250 (2019), tekst:
  9. Microwave system with sensor utilizing GO-based gas-sensitive layer and its application to acetone detection, K. Staszek, A. Szkudlarek, M. Kawa, A. Rydosz, Sensors and Actuators 297, 126699 (2019), tekst:
  10. Peptides of human body fluids as sensors of corrosion of titanium to titanium dioxide : SERS application, A. Tąta, A. Szkudlarek, J. Pacek, M. Molenda, E. Proniewicz, Applications of Surface Science 473, 107–120 (2019), tekst:
  11. One-Step Synthesis of Long Term Stable Superparamagnetic Colloid of Zinc Ferrite Nanorods in Water, A. Kmita, D. Lachowicz, J. Żukrowski, M. Gajewska, W. Szczerba, J. Kuciakowski, S. Zapotoczny, and M. Sikora, Materials 12, 1048 (2019), tekst:
  12. Enhanced hyperthermic properties of biocompatible zinc ferrite nanoparticles with a charged polysaccharide coating, D. Lachowicz, W. Górka, A. Kmita, A. Bernasik, J. Żukrowski, W. Szczerba, M. Sikora, C. Kapusta, and S. Zapotoczny, Mater. Chem. B 7, 2962 (2019), tekst:
  13. Ions-free electrochemically synthetized in aqueous media flake-like CuO nanostructures as SERS reproducible substrates for the detection of neurotransmitters, E. Proniewicz, A. Tąta, M. Starowicz, A. Szkudlarek, J. Pacek, M. Molenda, P. Kuśtrowski, Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy 215, 24-33, (2019), tekst: ttps://
  14. Role of Austenitization Temperature on Structure Homogeneity and Transformation Kinetics in Austempered Ductile Iron, M. Górny, G. Angella, E. Tyrała, M. Kawalec, S. Paź, A. Kmita, Metals and Materials International 25, 956–965 (2019), tekst:
  15. Highly Luminescent Ag–In–Zn–S Quaternary Nanocrystals: Growth Mechanism and Surface Chemistry Elucidation, P. Bujak, Z. Wróbel, M. Penkala, K. Kotwica, A. Kmita, M. Gajewska, A. Ostrowski, P. Kowalik, A. Pron, Inorg. Chem. 58, pp 1358–1370 (2019), tekst:
  16. Microstructural anisotropy, phase composition and magnetic properties of as-cast and annealed Ni-Mn-Ga-Co-Cu melt-spun ribbons, A. Brzoza, M. Kowalczyk, A. Wierzbicka-Miernik, P. Czaja, W. Maziarz, A. Wójcik, J. Wojewoda-Budka, M. Sikora, J. Dutkiewicz, and M. J. Szczerba, Journal of Alloys and Compounds 776, 319 (2019), tekst:


  1. Electronic sensitization of CuO thin films by Cr-doping for enhanced gas sensor response at low detection limit, A. Szkudlarek, K. Kollbek, S. Klejna, and A. Rydosz, Mater. Res. Express 5, 126406 (2018), tekst:
  2. A Hybrid System for Magnetic Hyperthermia and Drug Delivery: SPION Functionalized by Curcumin Conjugate, D. Lachowicz, A. Kaczyńska, R. Wirecka, A. Kmita, W. Szczerba, A. Bodzoń-Kułakowska, M. Sikora, A. Karewicz, S. Zapotoczny, Materials 11(12), 2388 (2018), tekst:
  3. Effect of low Zn doping on the Verwey transition in magnetite single crystals: Mössbauer spectroscopy and x-ray diffraction, V. Chlan, J. Żukrowski, A. Bosak, Z. Kąkol, A. Kozłowski, Z. Tarnawski, R. Rezniček, H. Štepánková, P. Novák, I. Biało, and J. M. Honig, Phys. Rev. B 98, 125138 (2018), tekst:
  4. Mössbauer-effect study of dynamic, magnetic, and electronic properties of C14 Laves phase Nb0.975 Fe2.025, Jan Żukrowski and Stanisław M. Dubiel, Journal od Applied Physics, 123 (2018) 223902, tekst:
  5. Mössbauer studies of β α phase transition in Sn-rich solder alloys, Piotr Zachariasz, Agata Skwarek, Balázs Illés, Jan Żukrowski, Tamás Hurtony, Krzysztof Witek, Microelectronics Reliability 82, 165-170 (2018), tekst:
  6. Magneto‐Structural Properties of Multielement Ni–Cu–Co–Mn–Sn Heusler Bulk Alloys, A. Wojcik, W. Maziarz, M. Szczerba, M. Sikora, A. Żywczak, L. Hawelek, E. Cesari, Physica Status Solidi A 1800358 (2018), tekst:
  7. Adhesive hybrid nanocomposites for potential applications in moulding sands technology, A. Kmita, D. Drożyński, A. Roczniak, M. Gajewska, M. Marciszko, K. Górecki, A. Baczmański, Composites. Part B, Engineering 146, 124–131 (2018), tekst:
  8. Sn-BEA zeolites prepared by two-step postsynthesis method: Physicochemical properties and catalytic activity in processes based on MPV reduction, N. O. Popovych, P. I. Kyriienko, Y. Milott., L. Valentin, J. Gurgul, R. P. Sochac, J. Żukrowski, S. O. Solovieva, S. Dzwigaj, Microporous and Mesoporous Materials 268, 178–188, (2018), tekst:
  9. Mössbauer study of Eu0.57Ca0.43Fe2As2 and Eu0.73Ca0.27(Fe0.87Co0.13)2As2: A comparison to ‘122’ iron-based superconductors parent compounds EuFe2As2 and CaFe2As2, K. Komendera, A. Błachowski, K. Ruebenbauer, J. Żukrowski, S.M. Dubiel, L. M. Tran, M. Babij, Z. Bukowski, Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 457, 1–7 (2018), tekst:
  10. Effect of 0.25 and 2.0 MeV He-Ion Irradiation on Short-Range Ordering in Model (EFDA) Fe-Cr Alloys, S. M. Dubiel, J. Żukrowski, and Y. Serruys, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A 49A, 3729-3737 (2018), tekst:
  11. High Bragg reflectivity of diamond crystals exposed to multi-kW mm2 X-ray beams, Kolodziej Tomasz, Shvydko Yuri, Shu Deming, Kearney Steven, Stoupin Stanislav, Liu Wenjun, Gog Thomas, Walko Donald A., Wang Jin, Said Ayman, Roberts Tim, Goetze Kurt, Baldini Maria, Yang Wenge, Fister Timothy, Blank Vladimir, Terentyev Sergey, and Kim Kwang-Je, Journal of Synchrotron Radiation 25, 1022-1029 (2018), tekst:
  12. Determination of oxygen vacancy limit in Mn substituted yttria stabilized zirconia, Joanna Stępień, Marcin Sikora, Czesław Kapusta, Daria Pomykalska, and Mirosław M. Bućko, Journal of Applied Physics 123, 185108 (2018), tekst:
  13. Interplay of local structure, charge, and spin in bilayered manganese perovskites, Damian Rybicki, Marcin Sikora, Janusz Przewoznik, Czesław Kapusta, and John F. Mitchell, Physical Review B 97, 115158 (2018), tekst:
  14. Development of Ferrite-Based Temperature Sensors for Magnetic Resonance Imaging: A Study of Cu1−xZnxFe2O4, N. A. Alghamdi, J. H. Hankiewicz, N. R. Anderson, K. F. Stupic, R. E. Camley, M. Przybylski, J. Żukrowski, and Z. Celinski, Physical Review Applied 9, 054030 (2018), tekst:
  15. Research of Emission of Commercial Binders Used in ALPHASET Technology – Estimated Quantitative Analysis, A. Roczniak, M. Holtzer, A. Kmita, Archives of Foundry Engineering 18, 109 (2018), tekst: link
  16. Pyrolysis of organic ester cured alkaline phenolic resin: Identification of products, A. Kmita, A. Benko, A. Roczniak, A. Frączek-Szczypta, M. Holtzer, Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis 129, 6-12 (2018), tekst:
  17. Thermal decomposition of foundry resins: A determination of organic products by thermogravimetry–gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (TG–GC–MS), A.Kmita, C.Fischer, K.Hodor, M.Holtzer, A.Roczniak, Arabian Journal of Chemistry 11, 380-387 (2018), tekst:
  18. Comparative study of post-growth annealing of Cu(hfac)2,Co2(CO)8 and Me2Au(acac) metal precursors deposited by FEBID2, M. V. Puydinger dos Santos, A. Szkudlarek , A. Rydosz, Carlos Guerra-Nuñez, F. Béron, K. R. Pirota, S. Moshkalev, J. Alexandre Diniz, and I. Utke, Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology 9, 91–101 (2018), tekst:
  19. 1s2p Resonant Inelastic X-ray Scattering Magnetic Circular Dichroism as a probe for the local and non-local orbitals in CrO2 , P. Zimmermann, N. Bouldi, M.O.J.Y. Hunault, M. Sikora , J.M. Ablett, J.-P. Rueff, B. Lebert, P. Sainctavit, F.M.F. de Groot, and A. Juhin, Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena 222, 74 (2018), tekst: